||Xiangtan University, located in Xiangtan City, the home town of Mao Zedong, is a comprehensive university operating under the joint support of the Hunan Provincial Government and the Ministry of Education. It is one of China’s first educational institutes authorized to award master’s degree and is also among the earliest schools approved to enroll overseas students and students of national defense. In an evaluation conducted by the Ministry of Education, the university’s bachelor degree education was rated as excellent.
The university was established in 1958 as a result of Chairman Mao’s proposal. On September 10th of the same year, Chairman Mao himself wrote the name of the school and enjoined the authorities to work hard to make a success of it. Thanks to the concern and care by Deng Xiaoping, Hua Guofeng, Li Xiannian and other government leaders, the university kept growing and was thus approved by the State Council as a key state university in 1978. In 1998, on the fortieth anniversary of the school’s founding, ex-President Jiang Zemin wrote: “Work for a better Xiangtan University, train competent graduates and make more contribution.” On December 17th, 2005, the Ministry of Education and the Hunan Provincial Government signed a treaty agreeing to provide joint financial support to the university.
The university has 20 faculties and teaching divisions, 72 bachelor degree specialties, 19 first-level disciplines for master’s degree, 115 master’s degree programs, 4 master specialty degree programs, 17 doctor’s degree programs, 5 postdoctoral stations, 2 state key disciplines, and 13 provincial key disciplines. in these 2 years the university has been granted for 7 disciplines of national excellent lessons, 10 national characteristic specialties (including 1 national 2-class characteristic specialty), 4 national teaching awards, 8 kinds of teaching materials being approved as the planned materials for national 11th Five-Year Plan. moreover, the university has 1 key research base for humanities and social sciences of the Ministry of Education, 2 engineering research centers of the Ministry of Education, 2 key laboratories of the Ministry of Education, 1 campus card standardization institute of the Ministry of Education, 5 arts key research bases of Hunan Province, and 4 key laboratories of Hunan Province. 1 innovation experimental area of national talents culture mode, 1 culture quality education base for national undergraduates, 1 training and studying base for assistant of colleges of the Ministry of Education, 9 laboratories supported by central and local governments, and 12 laboratories of special-advantage disciplines supported by central and local governments. The disciplines of university cover 9 varieties and form a series of professional groups with peculiar characters and obvious advantages. The main disciplines include Computing Mathematics, General and Fundamental Mechanics, Chinese Philosophy, Procedural Law, Political Economy, Comparative Literature, Administration, Polymer Chemistry and Physics, Chemistry Engineering, Condensed Mater Physics, and Rheological Mechanics, and the like. Of all the disciplines, Rheological Mechanics and Consumption Economics were initiated by the scholars of the university, and then they found their ways to other schools across the country.